Man Made Super Flu Could Be A Disaster For Humanity

A virus with the potential to kill up to half the world’s population has been made in a lab. Now academics and bio-terrorism experts are arguing over whether to publish the recipe, and whether the research should have been done in the first place.

The virus is an H5N1 bird flu strain which was genetically altered to become much more contagious. It was created by Ron Fouchier of the Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, who first presented his work to the public at an influenza conference in Malta in September.

Fouchier said the strain circulates in animals, particularly birds, but rarely affects humans.

In the ten or so years since bird flu first emerged in Asia, fewer than 600 cases have been reported in humans. But the H5N1 strain is particularly vicious, killing roughly half of patients diagnosed with it.

What stops it from becoming a major threat to public health is that it does not readily transmit from human to human. Or at least it didn’t – until now.

Researchers in Fouchier’s team used ferrets – test animals which closely mimic the human response to influenza – and transmitted H5N1 from one to another to make it more adaptable to new hosts. After 10 generations, the virus had mutated to become airborne, which means ferrets became ill from merely being near other diseased animals

A genetic study showed that the new, dangerous strain had only five mutations compared to the original one, and all of them were earlier seen in the natural environment – just not all at once.

Fouchier’s strain is as contagious as the human seasonal flu, which kills tens of thousands of people each year, but is likely to cause many more fatalities if released.

“I can’t think of another pathogenic organism that is as scary as this one,” Paul Keim, a microbial geneticist who has worked on anthrax for many years, told Science Insider. “I don’t think anthrax is scary at all compared to this.”

Now Keim, who chairs the US National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB), and other members of the body, have a very difficult decision to make. Fouchier wants his study to be published.

So does virologist Yoshihiro Kawaoka, who led similar research in collaboration with the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and the University of Tokyo, and reached comparable results. And it is up to NSABB to give them the green light.

Many academics and biosecurity experts are naturally cautious about releasing information which could provide any bioterrorist with a ready recipe to hold the world to ransom. Some argue that such work should never have been done in the first place and call for international monitoring of potentially harmful research.

“It’s just a bad idea for scientists to turn a lethal virus into a lethal and highly contagious virus. And it’s a second bad idea for them to publish how they did it so others can copy it,” believes Dr. Thomas Inglesby, a bioterrorism expert and director of the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

However the very same data, if made available to the scientific community, could potentially allow humanity to prepare for an H5N1 pandemic, which Fouchier’s study has shown to be far more probable than was previously believed.

Clamping down on freedom of information in the scientific domain may in the end leave us defenseless against the flu, should it arise naturally.

NSABB plans to issue a public statement soon, says Keim, and is likely to issue additional recommendations about this type of research. “We’ll have a lot to say,” he says.


8 Sleeping Positions and Their Effects on Health

50 Reasons NOT to Vaccinate your Children

1. There is no scientific study to determine whether vaccines have really prevented diseases. Rather disease graphs show vaccines have been introduced at the end of epidemics when the disease was already in its last stages. In case of Small Pox the vaccine actually caused a great spurt in the incidence of disease before public outcry led to its withdrawal.

2. There are no long-term studies on vaccine safety. Very short-term tests are carried out where the vaccinated subjects are checked against another group who are given another vaccine. Technically the tests should be carried out against a non-vaccinated group. No one really knows what protocols are followed at such industry based or industry sponsored trials.

3. There has never been any official attempt to compare a vaccinated population against a non vaccinated population to know what vaccines are doing to the children and the society. Independent private studies (Dutch & German and the most recent KIGGS (Aug 2011) study involving 7724 children worlwide) have revealed that vaccinated children suffer much more than their un-vaccinated counterparts.

4. The child receives not one but many vaccines. There are practically no tests to determine the effects of multiple vaccines.

5. There is no scientific basis for vaccinating infants. As per senior doctors quoted by the Times of India, “Children suffer from less that 2% of vaccine preventable illnesses but 98% of the vaccines are targeted towards them.” The vaccine pioneers who have recommended abundant caution before vaccinating the population have never advocated regular mass vaccinations without any threat in sight.

6. Children are vaccinated simply because parents can be frightened to forcefully vaccinate their children. Vaccinating infants is the most profitable business both for the manufacturers as well as the doctors.This makes vaccine makers lobby for all vaccines to be included in the childhood vaccination schedule. Schools are also instigated to require their wards to be “fully vaccinated”. Very recently in the National Vaccine Policy draft the Govt of India has fallen into the trap and decided to legitimize all vaccines available in the market brushing aside recommendations by very senior doctors and medical scientists who have said that the policy is “irrational”.

7. Infants, who are advised ONLY mothers milk till the age of six months and beyond because their fragile system will not tolerate anything else are given 36 extremely toxic vaccine shots, including booster doses, an act that defies both logic and science.

8. The Government of India has come out with a quarter page advertisement in The Hindu warning parents not to vaccinate beyond the Government approved vaccines. Parents have been advised against vaccinating in private clinics and hospitals.

9. The Orissa Chapter of the Indian Association of Pediatricians has admitted in a letter to the CM, Orissa, that private clinic and hospitals are ill equipped to store vaccines and warned parents not to vaccinate upon the advice of private practitioners and hospitals. In a recent private survey in India 94% of the doctors surveyed expressed concerns about the maintainence of the cold chain in India, 54% of the doctors have said they are afraid of vaccinating their own children and 88% fear that vaccines are unsafe.

11. Vaccines contain highly toxic metals, cancer causing substances, toxic chemicals, live and genetically modified viruses, bacteria and toxoids, contaminated serum containing animal viruses and foreign genetic material, extremely toxic de-contaminants and adjuvants, untested antibiotics, none of which can be injected without causing any harm.

12. The mercury, aluminum and live viruses in vaccines may be behind the huge epidemic of autism (1 in 110 in the USA, 1 in 10 worldwide as per doctors in the USA, 1 in 38 in South Korea, 1 in 37 as per a private study by doctors in New Delhi), a fact that (vaccines cause autism) has been admitted by the US Vaccine Court. About 83 suspected cases of vaccines causing autism have been awarded compensation.

13. The CDC of USA, the vaccine watchdog, has publicly admitted that its much-publicized 2003 study denying any link between vaccines and autism is flawed. The Chief of CDC Dr Julie Gerberding (now head of the Vaccine Division of Merck) has confessed to the media (CNN) that vaccines can cause “autism like symptoms”. The Autism epidemic is found in all countries that have allowed mass vaccinations.

14. In the year 1999, the US Government instructed vaccine manufacturers in the USA to remove mercury from vaccines “with immediate effect”. But mercury still remains a part of many vaccines. The vaccines with mercury were never recalled and were given to children up to the year 2006. “Mercury free” vaccines contain 0.05mcg to 0.1mcg of mercury, still posing a danger to the infant considering that mercury tends to accumulate in the body and that there are today many sources of mercury exposure. As per an American Academy of Pediatricians study: “Mercury in all of its forms is toxic to the fetus and children and efforts should be made to reduce exposure to the extent possible to pregnant women and children as well as the general population.”


16. In a reply to then President Sri Abdul Kalam, the Health Ministry informed, “mercury is required to make the vaccines safe”. To the author’s query that “what are these vaccines that it requires the second most dangerous neurotoxin, mercury, to make them safe?” there was no reply.

17. Mercury used in vaccines is second in toxicity only to the radioactive substance, Uranium. Mercury is 1000 times more toxic than lead. It is a neurotoxin that can damage the entire nervous system of the infant. According to a study by Dr Teresa Binstock et al, more than 200 symptoms of autism match completely with symptoms of mercury poisoning. This study created a furor in the US political establishment and angry Congressmen demanded a ban on mercury in vaccines. The US Government responded by recommending that mercury not be used in vaccines. The industry did reduce the quantum of mercury in some single use vaccine vials but certain vaccines in the USA continue to have mercury in large quantities as an ingredient. In spite of pressure mounted by advocacy groups the vaccine manufacturers have refused to make available vaccines available to the developing world. Eli Lily, the manufacturer of the controversial mercury containing compound Thimerosal has considerable influence in the political circles and many prominent international politicians have shares in this company.

18. Mercury accumulates in fat. The brain being made mostly of fat cells, most of the mercury accumulates there and may be contributing to the peculiar symptoms of the autistic children. Interestingly the ethyl mercury that is used in vaccines can cross the blood brain barrier and has a greater tendency to accumulate in the brain. It has also the tendency to remain there for a long time, in many cases permanently. This presence is devastating to both the neurons and the brain cells.

19. The mercury used in vaccines is ethyl mercury. According to Indian doctors this is an industrial toxin and is 1000 times more toxic than the usual methyl mercury. Ethyl mercury is absorbed into the body faster than methyl mercury and converts into inorganic mercury which tends to become a permanent fixture in the brain.

20. The aluminum present in vaccines makes the mercury, in any form, 100 times more toxic through a process called synergistic toxicity. Aluminum is used in very large doses in vaccines ostensibly to cause an immune reaction. According to a very recent study, “it causes cells to give up their DNA”.

21. As per an independent study aluminum and formaldehyde present in vaccines can increase the toxicity of mercury, in any form, by 1000 times.

22. As per a Tehelka article on Autism, if one considers the WHO limit for mercury in water, they are receiving 50,000 times the limit. The limits set, incidentally, are for adults and not infants.

23. Autism in India has emerged as the most rapidly growing epidemic amongst children, more than the growth of infantile diabetes, AIDS and cancer combined. As per a private study done by doctors in New Delhi, from 1 in 500 it has steadily climbed to 1 in 37 today. As per Indian doctors, “You can go to any class of any school today and find an autistic child.” Sonia Gandhi, the Chairperson of the Autism Society of India, has on 25th July 2011 declared in an International Autism Conference in Dhaka, Bangladesh that 8 million children in India suffer from this debilitating spectrum disorder, the growth of which has baffled medical scientists.

24. Autism is a permanent disability that affects the child physically, mentally and emotionally. It makes the child loose social contact. It impedes both the physical and mental growth of the child. It destroys the brain causing severe memory and attention problems. It also destroys the immune system and causes very severe damage to the guts. The majority of symptoms displayed by autistic children match symptoms of vaccine strain virus insult and heavy metal poisoning.

25. According to vaccine researcher Dr Harris Coulter, vaccines cause children to become pervert and criminal, traced to the encephalopathy (a brain disorder) caused by the toxins in vaccines. Majority of the school shootings by the children in the USA have been committed by autistic children. Vaccines can cause more harm that even the medical community privately acknowledges.

26. Autistic children also suffer from severe bowel disorders. As per Dr Andrew Wakefield, a reputed gastroenterologist of the UK, this is due to the vaccine strain live measles virus in the MMR vaccine. Many children become fully autistic after the MMR shot, as reported by the parents and the doctors treating the children. Dr Wakefield found the vaccine strain measles virus in the blood, guts, tissue and the Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) of autistic children. This finding has been confirmed by many other studies published since then (Dr Timothy Buie, Dr V K Singh, Kawashima et al, Dr James Walker Smith et al). However in a politically motivated move Dr Wakefield was pulled up for his finding and disgraced by the UK Government which had introduced the MMR vaccine, his licence to practice in the UK was cancelled and his case study pulled out of the Lancet. He now practices in The Thoughtful House in the USA where he treats autistic children. As per a recent study the MMR vaccine has an adverse effect on the vital mucosal immune system. The very basis of trying to prevent childhood Mumps and Measles has been questioned in this study.

27. The DPT also causes children to regress giving rise to fears that multiple bacteria/toxoids/ live virus vaccines are an important cause behind autism. If three live viruses can cause so much harm we can well imagine what today’s Pentavalent, septavalent and 10 valent vaccines will do to children.

28. Before the autism epidemic, it was already well known that vaccines have caused the cancer epidemic in today’s society. Both the Small Pox and the Oral Polio Vaccine are made from monkey serum. This serum has helped many monkey viruses to enter the human blood stream. Out of these the only researched virus, SV 40, has been found to be cancerous. As per recent revelations these viruses continue to be in the vaccines. The presence of SV 40 in various human cancers has been demonstrated. Today it is known that the virus is being passed on to future generations as its presence in the mother’s milk and human sperms has been established.

29. It is also known that it is the use of green monkey serum in vaccines that has led to the transfer of the Simian Immune deficiency Virus (SIV) from monkeys into humans. As per Dr Robert Gallo, the discoverer of the Human Immune deficiency Virus, the SIV and the HIV that causes AIDS are indistinguishable.

30. Not only AIDS, a blood cancer in infants (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia) that is affecting children in thousands may also be primarily due to the extremely toxic nature of vaccine ingredients injected directly into the blood stream. This concern has been voiced to the author by a reputed oncologist of a hospital in Mumbai that treats children with the disorder.

31. Infantile jaundice and also infantile diabetes is also scientifically connected to the toxic vaccines.

32. The live polio viruses used in the Oral Polio Vaccine has caused Vaccine Attributed Paralytic Polio (500 to 600 cases a year in India as per investigating doctors) and Acute Flaccid Paralysis (symptoms indistinguishable from polio) in more than 1,25,000 children (up to the year 2006) as per doctors of the Indian Medical Association and the Jana Swasthya Abhiyan. The OPV has also let loose a new strain of polio in both India and Africa. The OPV has been discontinued in the USA & European countries. A monovalent OPV has been experimentally administered to Indian children in gross violation of clinical trial protocols. This caused cases of AFP to double in areas where this vaccine was administered.

33. Vaccines contain serum from not only chimpanzees and monkeys but also from cows, pigs, chickens, eggs, horses, and even human tissues (cell lines) extracted from aborted fetuses.

34. Deaths and permanent disability from vaccines is common and known by the medical community. They are instructed by the Government to keep quiet and not to associate such cases with vaccines as disclosed by the doctors of the IMA while unfolding the OPV scandal. The public comes to know only when the cases are highlighted by the media.

35. Many doctors argue that diseases during childhood are due to the body exercising its immune system. Suppressing these diseases causes the immune system to remain undeveloped causing the various autoimmune disorders in adults like diabetes and arthritis that have become epidemics today.

36. Vaccines suppress the natural immunity and the body does not have natural antibodies anymore. The mother’s milk therefore does not contain natural antibodies and can no longer protect the child against illnesses.

37. By stimulating humoral (blood related) immunity alone vaccines have caused an imbalance in the whole immune set up (referred to as the TH1-TH2 imbalance and a resultant shift to TH2) leading to an alarming increase in auto immune disorders. This is acknowledged by the immunologists themselves.

38. In the USA vaccine adverse effects are recorded and the Government offers compensation of millions of dollars to victims (the most recent case in its Vaccine Court may have received upto $200 million in damages). The courts in the USA have paid nearly $ 2 billion in damages so far. The Indian Government simply refuses to acknowledge that vaccines can cause deaths and permanent disability, let alone compensate, treat and rehabilitate the unfortunate victims.

39. It has been scientifically proven that vaccines cannot prevent disease. Vaccines try to create humoral (blood related immunity) whereas it has been found that immunity is developed at various levels, humoral, cellular, and organ specific. We still do not know enough about the human immune system and therefore should not interfere with it. According to concerned immunologists the “sailnt like immune system can convert into a massive negative force that can put the devil into shame” if interfered with unnecessarily.

40. In the USA parents are informed about vaccine after effects and their consent has to be taken before vaccinating their children. Parents in the USA can also opt out of the vaccination process by submitting various exemption forms.In India the Government assures the population through massive advertising campaigns that vaccines are extremely safe. Parents refusing to vaccinate are threatened by the administration.

41. THERE IS NO SYSTEM OF TREATMENT TO TREAT A VACCINE DAMAGED CHILD. The parents have to run from one hospital to another. The Government turns a blind eye and refuses to even acknowledge the vaccine connection. Attempts by highly qualified doctors worldwide to treat autistic children through biomedical interventions like supplying essential nutrients, diet correction, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and flushing out heavy metals and toxins from the body etc have been frowned upon and discouraged. Doctors have even been persecuted for treating autistic children mainly because these doctors tend to find out that the vaccines have caused the damage and raise their voices against them.

42. Senior medical doctors of India and senior medical scientists have challenged even the vaccines recommended by the Government of India. According to Dr P M Bhargava, the BCG vaccine for tuberculosis has been extensively tested in India as long back as 1961 and found to be totally ineffective (in fact tuberculosis in the vaccinated group was found to be more than in the control group!). The OPV is causing polio in tens of thousands of Indian children. The Hep-B vaccine introduced into the UPI recently is not meant for children at all, it is a vaccine for a sexually transmitted disease that should be targeted only at promiscuous adults. The tetanus vaccine contains both aluminum and mercury besides the tetanus toxoid. The doctors themselves avoid giving the DPT to their children and relatives as per a survey amongst US health care professionals. The measles vaccine is one that regularly causes severe adverse effects and the health workers I have interviewed want it out. Recently Dr T Jacob John has called for screening children for inherent illnesses and the presence of a doctor while administering the measles vaccine. RTI activists have sourced data showing that deaths from vaccines are highest in case of the measles vaccine. Dr Ajay Gambhir, a very senior member of the IAP, too supports extensive screening of children before administering any vaccine. According to him children suffering from any illness, with any family history of autoimmune illnesses, any past reactions from vaccines, should not be administered vaccines. According to him the parents of children need to be told that they have the choice not to vaccinate.

43. The pediatricians are introducing dubious vaccines in India, which are being opposed by the doctors, politicians, and public in American and European countries. The Rotavirus vaccine, Hib vaccine, HPV vaccine (involved in a scam in India), the Pentavalent vaccine and the various multi virus vaccines being introduced without any kind of testing and without any need is only because the vaccine manufacturers and the doctors administering them want to ensure a good income from them. They care two hoots about medical ethics and the fate of the children who will receive these vaccines. Vaccines containing nano particles and viruses and also plant based or otherwise genetically modified vaccines are being opposed by independent doctors worldwide.

44. Various independent studies, notably the Dutch and the more recent German study, (also the recent KIGGS study involving 7724 children) comparing vaccinated with unvaccinated children has found that vaccinated children are more prone to asthma, dermatitis, allergies, development delayes, attention deficit disorders, hyperactivity etc. According to the German study, the death rate amongst vaccinated children is much more than the unvaccinated ones.

45. Vaccination, being a mass medical program which is accepted without question, becomes the perfect launching pad for bioterrorism. The powerful countries can spread lethal epidemics by just polluting the vaccines with bio warfare agents. The USA has handed over vaccine research to a bioterrorism research unit called the BARDA which functions under the Pentagon. A warning to this effect has been sounded by the Vice President IAP in a letter to the Director General Health Services in India.

46. Besides “investigating” doing the same with the small pox virus, it is reported that a “weapons grade” bird flu vaccine has already been devised by the Pentagon to be used as a biowarfare agent.

47. Vaccines have also been used to ensure population control. A batch of the tetanus vaccine has been used in many Asian countries to make the female population sterile. This was done by introducing a hormone that by inducing antibodies would abort the foetus when it is formed. In India, Saheli, a NGO fighting for the rights of women filed a PIL against this when the fact surfaced.

48. Mercury, a part of vaccines, is known to interfere with the endocrine system and induce sterility in both males and females. Polysorbate 80, another ingredient of vaccines, and also Squalene is known to cause sterility.

49. Through a new Public Health Bill that is being drafted the Government of India is planning to introduce forced vaccinations and threaten anti-vaccination activists with steep fines and jail terms. This is obviously at the instance of foreign (read US) vaccine giants who are shifting base to India reeling at the tremendous opposition to vaccines in US and European countries. The Govt of India is planning a “vaccine park” at Chennai where these vaccine MNCs will set up base. This itself is an act of bioterrorism which ironically the proposed bill seeks to oppose.

50. As per the Institute Of Medicine, USA, vaccine research for a probable link between vaccines and autism should not be conducted. The Institute of Medicine in its last report on vaccines and autism in 2004 said that more research on the vaccine question is counterproductive: Finding a susceptibility to this risk in some infants would call into question the universal vaccination strategy that is a bedrock of immunization programs and could lead to widespread rejection of vaccines. The IOM concluded that efforts to find a link between vaccines and autism “must be balanced against the broader benefit of the current vaccine program for all children”. However inherently biased studies that try to disprove a link between vaccines and autism have been allowed and funded by the CDC. The Principal Coordinator of many of these studies (referred to as The Danish Studies) Dr Paul Thorsen, has recently been in the news for money laundering and fraudulently misappropriating a huge chunk of research funds channeled towards these studies calling into question the veracity of the conclusion reached in these studies. The CDC study done by Dr Thomas Verstraeten manipulated data as revealed by RTI activists. Dr Verstraeten later joined a vaccine MNC. (Early in his study, the lead author, CDC’s Dr. Thomas Verstraeten, found statistically significant associations between the amount of mercury (thimerosal) exposure children got from their childhood vaccines, and a wide range of brain disorders. However, the published version of the study (the one the authors say is accurate) found no evidence of a link to autism. Not disclosed was that Dr. Verstraeten had left CDC midstream during the study and had gone to work for Glaxo, a vaccine manufacturer).


Monsanto-Free Seed Companies

We are all concerned with buying non-GMO seeds but, but we should also try avoiding seeds that come from Monsanto or any of their subsidiaries as they are the “huge gorillas” in the seed industry. This is becoming more and more difficult since Monsanto pretty much owns all the seeds. The easiest solution is to buy organic, heirloom, open pollinated seeds whenever possible.

There are thousands of other seed companies out there that have signed the Safe Seed Pledge and/or might even be organic. However, Monsanto purchased Semenis which was (and is) the world’s largest seed company and now they own thousands of conventional seed companies in addition to their GMO seed business. Monsanto now owns 40% of the conventional seed market in the US and 20% of the worldwide market, including organics and heirlooms. Monsanto is the largest seed company in the world dominating the global seed market.

Monsanto’s corporate quest is clearly to make money on each and every one of us whether we choose to eat supermarket frankenfoods produced with abominable, patented GM crops or carefully plant and tend an organic garden at home.

World Domination: The World’s Top 10 Seed Companies

Company – 2007 seed sales (US$ millions) – % of global proprietary seed market

1.Monsanto (US) – $4,964m – 23%
2.DuPont (US) – $3,300m – 15%

3.Syngenta (Switzerland) – $2,018m – 9%
4.Groupe Limagrain (France) – $1,226m – 6%
5.Land O’ Lakes (US) – $917m – 4%
6.KWS AG (Germany) – $702m – 3%
7.Bayer Crop Science (Germany) – $524m – 2%
8.Sakata (Japan) – $396m – <2 data-blogger-escaped-br="">
9.DLF-Trifolium (Denmark) – $391m – <2 data-blogger-escaped-br="">
10.Takii (Japan) – $347m – <2 data-blogger-escaped-br=""> Top 10 Total – $14,785m – 67% [of global proprietary seed market]

Monsanto announced earnings per share of $2.74 for the 2nd quarter of 2013, up 22% from the second quarter of 2012.Expectations were high, the average estimated EPS was $2.58 from a range of $2.40 to $2.71.

The companies listed below have signed the Safe Seed Pledge for 2012.

Created in 1999, the Safe Seed Pledge helps to connect non-GM seed sellers to the growing market of concerned
gardeners and agricultural consumers. The Pledge allows businesses to declare that they “do not knowingly buy or
sell genetically engineered seeds,” thus assuring consumers of their commitment.

United States (please scroll down for other countries)


Aravaipa Heirlooms
PO Box 72
Oracle, AZ 85623

Hatching Bunnies Farm
Gilbert, AZ

Humble Seed
7119 E. Shea Blvd.
Scottsdale, AZ 8525-6107
Tel: 877-956-SEED (7333)
Fax: 480-347-0837

Native Seeds/SEARCH
3584 E. River Road
Tucson, AZ 85718
Tel: 520-622-0830
Fax: 520-622-0829

Old Pueblo Plant & Seed Company
P.O. Box 86441
Tucson, AZ 85745-6441
Tel: 520-201-2136
Fax: 623-201-2136

Sherizona Seed Co.
23336 N 120th Lane
Sun City, AZ 85373

Terroir Seeds LLC home of Underwood Gardens
P O Box 4995
Chino Valley, AZ 86323
Tel/Fax: 888-878-5247

Westwind Seeds and Gardenscapes LLC
6336 N. Oracle #326-246
Tucson, AZ 85704
Tel: 520-887-2106


PO Box 289
Palmer, AK 99645


All Good Things Organic Seeds
999 Fairview Road
Ojai, CA 93023
Tel: 805-758-3184

Big Bang Seed Company
525 S. Franklin Street
Fort Bragg, CA 95437

Bountiful Gardens
18001 Shafer Ranch Rd
Willits , CA 95490
Tel: 707-459-6410

Cornucopia Seeds
6060 Graham Hill
Felton, CA 95018

Deb’s Kitchen
12578 Montecito Road
Seal Beach, CA 90740
Tel: 562-243-3926
204 Owetzal Lane
Riverside, CA 92507

Environmental Seed Producers
PO Box 2709
Lompoc, CA 93438
Tel: 805-735-8888
Fax: 805-735-8798

Green Mountain Resources, LLC
6965 El Camino Real
Carlsbad, CA 92009
Tel: 619-488-3744

Harmony Farm Supply and Nursery
PO Box 460
Graton, CA 95444
Tel: 707-823-9125
Fax: 707-823-1734

Home Farmer
PO Box 7050
Santa Maria, CA 93456
Tele: 855-DIG-SEED

Jacob’s Farm/Del Cabo, Inc.
P.O. Box 508
Pescadero, CA 94060

KUSA Seed Research Foundation
PO Box 761
Ojai , CA 93024

Laughing Frog Farm
PO Box 145
Laytonville, CA 95454

Living Seed Company
550 Nicasio Valley Road
Nicasio, CA 94946
Tel: 415-662-6855

The Natural Gardening Company
541 King Road
Petaluma, CA 94952
Tel: 707-766-9303
Fax: 707-766-9747
355 Brookside Dr.
Richmond, CA 94801

Peaceful Valley Farm Supply
PO Box 2209
Grass Valley, CA 95945
Tel: 888-784-1722
Fax: 530-272-4769

Pearson’s Gardens
1150 Beverly Dr.
Vista, CA 92084

Redwood City Seed Company
Box 361
Redwood City, CA 94064
Tel: 650-325-7333

Renee’s Garden
7359 West Zayante Road
Felton, CA 95018
Tel: 831-335-7228
Fax: 831-335-7227

Rolling Hills Herbs & Heirloom Annuals
1304 Rolling Hills Road
Redland, CA 92374

San Diego Seed Company
2134 30th Street
San Diego, CA 92103

Seed Dreams
PO Box 1476
Santa Cruz, CA 95061
Tel: 831-234-8668

Seeds of Change
2555 Dominges Drive
Rancho Dominges, CA 90200
Tel: 888-762-7333

PO Box 1820
Thousand Oaks, CA 91358

1440 Via Zurita
Claremont, CA 91711

Sustainable Seed Co.
POB 636
Petaluma, CA 94952
Tele: 877-620-SEED

Underground Seeds
208 S State Street
Ukiah, CA 95482


5023 W. 120th Ave. #312
Broomfield, CO 80020
Tel: 1-800-833-5988

6595 Odell Place, Unit G
Boulder, CO 80301

Botanical Interests, Inc.
660 Compton Street,
Broomfield, CO 80020
Tel: 303-464-6464
Fax: 303-464-6468

Golden Harvest Organics LLC
404 North Impala Drive
Fort Collins, CO 80521
Fax: 413-383-2836

Grant’s Plants, Seeds & Such
7048 S. Fairifax Street
Centennial, CO 80122
Tel: 303-263-5840

Lake Valley Seed
5717 Araphoe Avenue
Boulder, CO 80303
Tel: 970-250-0951

Sourcepoint Seeds
26422 Moss Rock Road
Hotchkiss, CO 81419


Butterbrooke Farm
78 Barry Rd
Oxford, CT 06478
Tel: 203-888-2000

Comstock Ferre & Co.
263 Main St.
Wethersfield, CT 06109
Tel: 860-571-6950
Fax: 860-571-6595

John Scheepers Kitchen Garden Seeds
23 Tulip Drive
Bantam, CT 06750
Tel: 860-567-6086
Fax: 860-567-5323

New England Seed Company
3580 Main Street, Bldg 10
Hartford, CT 06120
Tel: 800-825-8477
Fax: 877-229-8487

Select Seeds Company
180 Stickney Hill Road
Union, CT 06076
Tel: 860-684-9310
Fax: 860-684-9224

The Strawberry Store, LLC
& Strawberry Seed Store
Middletown, DE 19709
Tele: 302-378-3633


Chia Growers, Inc.
1300 Seaway Drive
Suite A-3
Ft. Pierce, FL 34949

E.O.N.S., Inc.
P.O. Box 4604
Hallandale, FL 33009
Tel: 954-454-6186
Fax: 954-458-5976

Florida Mycology Research Center
P.O. Box 18105
Pensacola, FL 32523
Tel: 850-327-4378

Grower Jim’s Plants and Produce LLC
Apopka, FL 32703

Growin’ Crazy Acres
4435 Union Springs Road
Spring Hill, FL 34608

Organic Sanctuary
1319 Cochran Road
Geneva, FL 32732

QR Seeds Inc.
P.O. Box 24
Plymouth, FL. 32768
Tel: 352-345-7387

The Pepper Gal
P.O. Box 23006
Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33307
Tel: 954-537-5540
Fax: 954-566-2208

Self Reliance Strategies, LLC
282 Knot Hole Circle
Chuluota, FL 32766
Tel: 321-696-9102

Two Seeds in a Pod
P.O Box 291278
Tampa, FL 33687


Flora Hydroponics, Inc.
195 Paradise Blvd.
Athens, GA 30607


Non-GMO Hawaii Heirloom Seeds
562 Lauiki Street, Suite 2
Honolulu, HI 96826


Earthly Delights Farm
2609 Arthur St.
Boise, ID 83703

EarthCare Seeds
175 NW Merlot Drive
Mountain Home ID 83647

High Altitude Gardens and Seeds Trust
4150 Black Oak Drive
Hailey, ID 83333
Tel: 208-788-4363
Fax: 208-788-3452


Borries Open Pollinated Seed Corn Farm
16293 E. 1400th Ave
Teutopolis, IL 62467
Tel: 217 857-3377

Safeguard Seeds
P.O. Box 1036
Mokena, IL 60448
Tel: 855-730-7333

Underwood Gardens
1414 Zimmerman Road
Woodstock, IL 60098


Garden Harvest Supply Inc.
2952W 500S
Berne, IN 46711
PO Box 1795
Richmond, IN 47375
Tel: 866-229-0927

Nature’s Crossroads, LLC
230 West Church Lane
Bloomington, IN 47403

Rich Farm Garden Supply
985 W. State Rd. 32
Winchester, IN 47394

Urban Farmer
5427 N. Delaware Street
Indianapolis, IN 46220


Sand Hill Preservation Center
1878 230th St
Calamus, IA 52729
Tel: 319-246-2299

Seed Savers Exchange
3094 North Winn Road
Decorah, IA 52101
Tel: 608-382-5990
Fax: 608-382-5872


Girasole, Inc. (DBA Seeds from Italy)
P.O. Box 3908
Lawrence, KS 66046

Skyfire Garden Seeds
1313 23rd Road
Kanopolis, KS 67454


Ferry Morse Seed Company
600 Stephen Beale Drive
P.O. Box 1620
Fulton, KY 42041
Tel: 800-626-3392
Fax: 502-472-0566


FedCo Seeds
PO Box 520A
Waterville, ME 04903
Tel: 207-873-7333
Fax: 207-872-8317

Johnny’s Selected Seeds
955 Benton Avenue
Winslow, ME 04901
Tel: 207-861-3900
Fax: 800-738-6314

The Heirloom Garden of Maine
512 North Ridge Road
Montville, ME 04941
Tel: 207-342-2116
Fax: 207-342-3407

The Maine Potato Lady
PO Box 65
Guilford, ME 04443
Tel: 207-343-2270

Wood Prairie Farm Organic Seed Potatoes
49 Kinney Rd
Bridgewater, ME 04735
Tel: 800-829-9765
Fax: 800-300-6494


My Seed Cellar
P.o. Box 5
Marion Station, MD 21838

Where the Wild Things Grow
55 Douglas Avenue
Lonaconing, MD 21539


Annie’s Heirloom Seeds
12123 Darby Rd.
Clarksville, MI 48815

Indoor Harvest Gardens
East Lansing, MI

Michigan Heirlooms
209 E. Wardlow Rd.
Highland, MI 48356

MyHeirloomSeeds – AMAL Enterprises LLC
12851 Metteal
Detroit, MI 48227

Orchard House Heirlooms
216 S. Paul St.
Dowagiac, MI 49047

Organic Heirloom Plants
51594 Boston Road
Hancock, MI 49930


Cheap Seeds
3591 210 Street
N. Hawley, MN 56549

EnJoy Garden Fresh Farm
15106 419th Ave. SW
East Grand Forks, MN 56721

Melissa’s Seeds
PO Box 242
Hastings, MN 55033


Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds
2278 Baker Creek Road
Mansfield, MO 65704
Tel: 417-924-8917

Barney’s Ginseng Patch
433 SSE Highway B
Montgomery City, MO 63361
Tel: 573-564-2575

Burkholder Greenhouse LLC
RR3 Box 169
Edina, MO 63537
Tel: 660-397-4115

Gardeners Choice Heirloom Seeds
P.O. Box 642
Bolivar, MO 65613

Granny’s Heirloom Seeds
P.O Box 264
Humansville, MO 65674
Tel: 417-350-7065

Green Thumb Seeds
17011 West 280th Street
Bethany, MO 64424

Morgan County Wholesale
18761 Kelsay Road
Barnett, MO 65011
Tel: 573-378-2655

Soper Family Farm
36 Cherry Valley Road
Glasgow, MT 59230


God Seed Planet, LLC
3225 McLeod Drive
Suite 100
Las Vegas, NV 89121


BLM Enterprises/Markham Farm
283 Turnpike Road
New Ipswich, NH 03071
Tel: 603-878-4509
Fax: 603-878-5990

New Earth Organic Farm
P.O. Box 466
Colebrook, NH 03576


Cicuye del Rio Pecos Farmer’s Cooperative
HC 74 Box 842
Pecos, NM 87552

Creekside Garden
PO Box 707
Reserve, NM 87830
Tel: 575-533-6768
Fax: 575-533-6768

Gourmet Seed International, LLC
HC12 Box 510
Tatum, NM 88267-9700
Tel: 505-398-6111
Fax: 505-398-6151

Italian Seed and Tool
HC12 Box 510
Tatum, NM 88267-9700
Tel: 505-398-6111
Fax: 505-398-6151

J&L Gardens
60 County Road 11
Espanola, NM 87532

Plants of the Southwest
Agua Fria Street
Santa Fe, NM 87507
Tel: 505-438-8888
Fax: 505-438-8800

Pollinator Nation
P.O. Box 541
Sandia Park, NM 87047

PO Box 504
Cortland, NY 13045

Invincible Summer Farms
PO Box 1294
Sound Beach, NY 11789

New York Botanicals, LLC
2-01 50th Ave.
Long Island City, NY 11101

Ommas – Aarden
PO Box 273
Port Leyden, NY 13433
Tel: 315-681-0351
Fax: 315-348-4442 (Please call ahead)

On Warren Pond Farm & Seed Co.
6200 Deer Run Lane
Trumansburg, NY 14886

The Sample Seed Shop
978 Riverview Blvd.
Tonawanda, NY 14150-7862

Turtle Tree Seed
10 White Birch Road
Copake, NY 12516

WinterSown Educational
1989 School Street
East Meadow, NY

217 Brehon Street
Warrenton, NC 27589

Christopher Weeks Peppers
PO Box 3207
Kill Devil Hills, NC 27948

Sow True Seed
P.O. Box 18508
Asheville, NC 28814


Prairie Road Organic Seed
9824 79th Streeet SE
Fullerton, ND 58441
Tel: 701-883-4416


Companion Plants, Inc.
7247 N. Coolville Ridge
Athens, OH 45701
Tel: 740-592-4643
Fax: 740-593-3092

Secret Seed Cartel
P.O. Box 564
Sharon Township, OH 44274

The Little Red Truck Farm
Norwalk, OH


Clear Creek Seeds
P.O. Box 763
Locust Grove, OK 74352
Tel: 918-386-0546

Red Sky Farm
35545 EW1170
Seminole, OK 74868
Tel: 405-382-9883

Survival Essentials
P.O. Box 153
Wagoner, OK 74477-0153
Tel: 918-845-1800

The Seed Guy
18165 South Elm Road
Claremore, OK 74019


Adaptive Seeds
25079 Brush Creek Road
Sweet Home, OR 97386

Boondockers Seed Company
84638 Cloverdale Road
Creswell, OR 97426
Tel: 541-689-0881

Folly Farm
P.O. Box 101
Cove, OR 97824

Goodwin Creek Gardens
PO Box 83
Williams, OR 97544
Tel: 800-846-7359
Fax: 541-846-7357

Green Journey Seeds
P.O. Box 38
Veneta, OR 97487

Heirloom Organics, LLC
1806 NW 6th St., Unit A
Grants Pass, OR 97526

Horizon Herbs
PO Box 69
Williams, OR 97544
Tel: 541-846-6704
Fax: 541-846-6233

Nichol’s Garden Nursery
1190 Old Salem Road, NE
Albany, OR 97321
Tel: 541-928-9280 or 800-422-3985
Fax: 541-967-8406

Restorations Seeds
1133 Old Highway 99 South
Ashland, OR 97520
Tel: 541-201-2688

Siskiyou Seeds
3220 East Fork Rd.
Williams, OR 97544

Territorial Seed Company
PO Box 158
Cottage Grove, OR 97424
Tel: 541-942-9547
Fax: 541-942-9881

Thyme Garden – Herb Seed Company
20546 Alsea Highway
Alsea, OR 97324
Tel & Fax: 541-487-8671

Victory Seed Company
PO Box 192
Molalla, OR 97038
Tel/Fax: 503-829-3126

Wild Garden Seed and Shoulder to Shoulder Farm
PO Box 1509
Philomath, OR 97370
Tel: 541-929-4068

Wild West Seed, Inc.
3640 Western Way NE
Albany, OR 97321


The Ark Institute, Inc.
P.O. Box 3430
Easton PA 18043-3430
64 Greenwood Street
Wellsboro, PA 16901
Tel: 570-724-5172

Heirloom Seed Project
Landis Valley Museum
2451 Kissel Hill Road
Lancaster, PA 17601
Tel: 717-569-0401 ext: 202
Fax: 717-560-3545

Heirloom Seeds
PO Box 245
West Elizabeth, PA 15088
Tel/Fax: 415-384-0852

Hollow Elm Gardens, LLC
482 Hollow Road
New Park PA 17352


Pepper Joe’s, Inc.
725 Carolina Farms Blvd.
Myrtle Beasn, SC 29579
Fax: 611-491-5344

Penny’s Tomatoes
3904 Kensington Court
Myrtle Beach, SC 29577

Seeds for the South
410 Whaley Pond Rd
Graniteville, SC 29829
Tel: 803-232-1119


New Hope Seed Company
P.O. Box 443
Bon Aqua, TN 37025

Readiness Essentials
107 Cavalier Drive
Hendersonville, TN 37075


Texas Ready
22004 Sherrod Lane
Spring, TX 77389
Tel: 832-493-1357


Diane’s Flower Seeds
1380 N. Hway 89
Ogden, UT 84404

507 N. 1500 W.
Orem, UT 84057

Mountain Valley Seed Co.
455 West 1700 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84115


The Cook’s Garden
PO Box 535
Londonderry, VT 05148
Tel: 800-457-9703
Fax: 802-824-9556

Dirt Works
1195 Dog Team Road
New Haven, VT 05472-4000
Tel: 877-213-3828 (Toll Free)

High Mowing Organic Seeds
76 Quarry Road
Wolcott, VT 05680
Tel: 802-472-6174
Fax: 802-472-3201

Ladybug Herbs of Vermont
943 Richard Woolcutt Road
Wolcott, VT 05680
Tel/Fax: 802-888-5940

Weed Farm Herbs
613 Quaker St.
Lincoln, VT 05443
Tel: 802-453-7395


Direct Garden Seeds

Garden Medicinals and Culinaries
PO Box 320
Earlysville, VA 22936
Tel: 804-964-9113
Fax: 804-973-8717

Southern Exposure Seed Exchange
P.O. Box 460
Mineral, VA 23117
Tel: 540-894-9480
Fax: 540-894-9481

Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants
PO Box 316, Monticello
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Tel: 804-984-9821
Fax: 804-984-0358


Backyard Heirloom Seeds & Herbs
4501 Yorkshire Dr. SE
Olympia, WA 98513

Cloudview Ecofarm
14054 Road 11 SW
Royal City, WA 99357

E & M Heirloom Seeds
2250 N.E. Tahuya Blacksmith Rd.
Tahuya, WA 98588

Ed Hume Seeds
P.O. Box 73160
Puyallup, WA 98373

Filaree Garlic Farm
182 Conconully Hwy
Okanogan, WA 98840
Tel: 509-422-6940

Frosty Hollow Ecological Restoration
Box 53
Langley, WA 98260
Tel: 360-579-2332
Fax: 360-579-4080

967 Mingo Mountain Road
Kettle Falls, WA 99141
Tel: 509-738-4470

Gator’s Green Thumb
906 Symons Street
Richland, WA 99354

Osborne Seed Company LLC
2428 Old Highway 99 South
Mount Vernon, WA 98273
Tel: 360-424-7333
Fax: 360-424-8900


St. Clare Heirloom Seeds
P.O. Box 556
Gillett, WI 54124
Tel: 920-855-1977

Self Reliance Nation
1254 Maple Street
Wheatland, WY 82201


Eden Seeds/Select Organic
29 Mirani St.
Lower Beechmont 4211
QLD Australia

Green Harvest Organic Gardening Supplies
PO Box 92
Maleny QLD 4552 Australia
Tel: 07.54352699


Alberta Nurseries and Seeds, Ltd.
P.O. Box 20
Bowden, Alberta TOM OKO
Tel: 403-224-3544
Fax: 403-224-2455

At Home Organic Farms
10 Denmark Cr.
Toronto, Ontario
Tel: 416-557-6087

Aurora Farm
588 Hagey Road
Creston, B.C. V0B 1G2

Brother Nature Organic Seeds
1159 Wychbury Ave.
Victoria BC V9A 5L1
Tel: 250-61-2255

Clear Sky Farm
PO Box 19
Fort Steele, BC V0B 1N0

122 Golfview Avenue
Toronto, ON M4E 2K5
Tel: 416-879-1985

Dirt Sun Rain Garden Products
1846 Union Road
Evansville, Manitoulin Island
Ontario Canada P0P 2B0

Eternal Seed
C5 – 2309 Zilinsky Road
Powell River, BC V8A 5C1
Tel: 604-487-1304

Green Space Designs
Box 122
Manson’s Landing
BC V0P 1K0
Tel: 250-935-0135

Heritage Harvest Seed
Box 2177
Carman, Manitoba ROG OJO
Tel: 204-745-6489

Hill and Dale Farm
Box 127
Cherhill Alberta T0E 0J0
Tel: 780-785-2622

Hope Seeds
6473 Hwy, 1
RR 3 Granville Ferry
Nova Scotia, BOS 1K0

The Incredible Seed Company
RR3 Lawrencetown NS
B0S 1M0 Canada

Le Jardin de Julie
Le Bic
Quebec Canada

Mandy’s Greehouses
P.O. Box 184
Tyndall, Manitoba ROE 2B0

Mapple Farm
129 Beech Hill Road
Weldon, New Brunswick E0A 1X0
Tel: 506-734-3361

Matchbox Garden & Seed Co.
9788 Pine Valley Drive
Vaughn, ON L4L2V5

Omega Blue Farms
1075 Spider Lake Road
Qualicum Beach, BC. Canada

Planting Seeds Project
PO Box 536
Lytton, BC V0K 1Z0

Prairie Garden Seeds
PO Box 118
Cochin, Saskatchewan S0M 0L0
Tel: 306-386-2737

Richter’s Herbs
357 Hwy 47
Goodwood, Ontario L0C 1A0
Tel: 905-640-6677
Fax: 905-640-6641

Salt Spring Seeds
PO Box 444, Ganges
Salt Spring Island, British Columbia V8K 2W1
Tel: 250-537-5269

Stellar Seeds
2750 30 Ave. N.E.
Salmon Arm , British Columbia VIE 3L2
Tel: 250-804-0122

Soggy Creek Seed Co.
113 Chapman’s Landing Rd.
Nipissing Village
Ontario P0H 1W0

Tatiana’s TOMATObase
110 Lanson Crescent
Anmore, BC
V3H 4X6, Canada
Terra Edibles
Box 164
Foxboro, Ontario K0K 2B0
Tel: 613-968-8238
Fax: 613-968-6369

Tourne-Sol Cooperative Farm
1025ch. St-Dominique
Les Cedres
Quebec H9X 1E9
Tel: 450-452-4271

Two Wings Farm Organic Seeds
4768 William Head Road
Victoria, British Columbia V9C3Y7
Tel: 250-478-3794

Urban Harvest Organic Seeds
P O Box 176, Stn C
Toronto, ON M6J 3M9

5 Fleming Place
Peterborough ON K9H 3Y7

Vesey’s Seeds Ltd.
York, PE

West Coast Seeds
3925 64th St. RR#1
Delta, British Columbia V4K 3N2
Tel: 604-952-8820

Wildrose Heritage Seed Company
P.O. Box 355 Station Main
Lethbridge Alberta T1J 3Y7

William Dam Seeds Ltd.
279 Hwy 8
Dundas, Ontario
L9H 5E1 Canada
Tel: 905-628-6641
Fax: 905-627-1729


MyHeirloomSeeds – AMAL Enterprises LLC
South Sinai Governorate
P.O. Box 3
Ras Sidr, Egypt


B and T World Seeds
34210 Olonzac, France
Tel: 0033-468-91-2963
Fax: 0033-4468-91-3039


Organic Seeds
PO Box 76030
Lynnwood Ridge
Gauteng, South Africa

Livingseeds Heirloom Seeds
PO Box 1421
Tel: 071 911 5159
Fax: 086 624 4773

Real Seeds
PO Box 99
7232 South Africa


*Adaptive Seeds
All Good Things Organic (SW)
*Amishland Seeds
Annie’s Heirloom Seeds
*The Ark Institute
Backyard Beans and Grains Project
*Baker Creek Seed Co. (MW)
Beauty Beyond Belief (BBB Seeds)
*Botanical Interests
Bountiful Gardens
Crispy Farms
Diane’s Flower Seeds (she has veggies now, too)
*Family Farmer’s Seed Co-op
*Fedco Seed Co.
Garden City Seeds
Gourmet Seed
*Grow Organic
Heirlooms Evermore Seeds
*Heirloom Seeds
Heirloom Solutions
High Mowing Seeds
*Horizon Herbs
Hudson Valley Seed Library
Growing Crazy Acres
Ed Hume Seeds
J.L Hudson
Kitchen Garden Seeds
Knapp’s Fresh Vegies
Kusa Seed Society
Lake Valley Seeds
*Landreth Seeds
Larner Seeds
*The Living Seed Company
*Livingston Seeds
Local Harvest
Moonlight Micro Farm
Mountain Rose Herbs
*My Patriot Supply
Native Seeds for the Arid Southwest
Natural Gardening Company
New Hope Seed Company
Nichol’s Garden Nursery
*Organica Seed
Organic Sanctuary (SE)
Peace Seeds
Peaceful Valley Farm Supply
Prairie Road Garden
Renee’s Garden
Restoration Seeds
Sand Hill Preservation Center
Sage Thymes
*Seed for Security
Seeds Trust
*Select Seeds
Siskiyou Seeds (NW)
*Southern Exposure
*Sow True (SE)
*Sustainable Seed Co
Tiny Seeds
Tomato Fest
Trees of Antiquity
Turtle Tree Seed
*Underwood Garden Seeds
*Uprising Seeds
*Victory Seeds
White Harvest Seed
*Wild Garden Seeds
Wildseed Farms
*Wood Prairie Farm (NE)

Canadian Seed Companies:
Annapolis Valley Heritage Seed Company
Brother Nature
Cubit’s Organics
Greta’s Organic Garden
Heritage Harvest Seeds (ships to Canada only)
Hope Seeds
Incredible Seeds
Richters Herbs
Salt Spring Seeds
Seeds of Victoria
Solana Seeds
Stellar Seeds
Terra Edibles
The Cottage Gardener

Seed Site (Italy)
The Real Seed Catalogue (UK)


Tiny Off-Grid Cabin in Maine is Completely Self-Sustaining

A project 30 years in the making, this tiny off-grid retreat on a coastal island in Maine is almost entirely self-sufficient. Designed and built by Alex Porter for her father, the project features a shed roof and is wrapped in a distinctive blue-grey corrugated skin. Dwell recently profiled the home, which is the only solar-powered retreat on the isolated island – its sustainable power source actually makes life a lot more leisurely, as the family does not need to schlep in fuel to run a noisy generator. They didn’t give anything up, as they have all the conveniences of a regular home — but with a view you don’t get in an everyday residence.

The house is situated on a tiny sleeve of rock tucked close to the water. The sturdy steel cladding was chosen for a good reason: the northern squall can be relentless. The cabin has a series of rolling storm panels that ward off the elements. When the sun shines, a small solar-electric panel mounted to the southern facing roof feeds 12v DC to the batteries, which in turn powers lights, a super efficient Sunfrost Refrigerator, and a small water pump. A large rainwater catchment tank provides more than enough water for the home, and a small on-demand water heater supplies an outdoor shower and the sink.

Given the remote location of the property and the site’s lack of power, the design made careful use of all materials so that everything is spaced on 24-inch centers. Most of the finishing materials were sourced locally and floated in. One big question remains — what to do when you need to use the loo? A Sun-Mar composting toilet does the job, transforming the waste into fertilizer. While none of the systems are ground-breaking, the design is a transparent example of how well off-grid living can work, and how we can live in nature without polluting it.


How To Grow an Avocado Tree from an Avocado Pit

Avocados are one of the wonderful fruits of summer. High in nutrition and flavor, nothing signals the start of summer like a zesty lime guacamole dip with tortilla chips. The next time you’re making guacamole or slicing an avocado for a salad, try saving your pits to grow into avocado trees. It’s surprisingly easy to grow your own avocado tree from seed, and it makes a great educational project for home and classrooms. Check out our handy-dandy guide below, complete with photos, to learn how to grow an avocado tree from seed.


You’ll need to start by removing the pit from the avocado carefully (without cutting it), and then washing it clean of all the avocado fruit (often it helps to soak the pit in some water for a few minutes and then scrub all the remaining fruit off). Be careful not to remove the brown skin on the pit – that is the seed cover.


Some avocado pits are slightly oblong, whereas others are shaped almost like perfect spheres – but all avocado pits have a ‘bottom’ (from where the roots will grow), and a ‘top’ (from which the sprout will grow). The slightly pointier end is the top, and the flat end is the bottom. In order to get your pit to sprout, you will need to place the bottom root end in water, so it’s very important to figure out which end is the ‘top’ and which is the ‘bottom’ before you go piercing it with toothpicks.


Take four toothpicks and stick them at a slight downward angle into the avocado seed, spaced evenly around the circumference of the avocado. These toothpicks are your avocado scaffolding, which will allow you to rest the bottom half of the avocado in water, so therefore the toothpicks need to be wedged in there firmly. I recommend sticking them in at a slight angle (pointing down), so that more of your avocado base rests in the water when you set this over a glass.


And set on a quiet windowsill with sunlight. It’s helpful to use a clear glass so you can easily see when roots start to grow, and also when the water needs to be changed. Many guides recommend to change the water every day, but I found, through trial and error, that it is better to change the water every five days to a week or so. You do want to make sure you change the water regularly, to prevent mold, bacteria and fungus growth, which can doom your little avocado sprout.


Many online guides I have read say that sprouting can take anywhere from 2-4 weeks, but in my experience, it usually takes at least 8 weeks to get a sprout, so be patient. Here is the process you will witness:
1. The top of the avocado pit will dry out and form a crack, and the outer brown seed skin will slough off.
2. The crack will extend all the way to the bottom of the avocado pit, and through the crack at the bottom, a tiny taproot will begin to emerge.

3. The taproot will grow longer and longer (and may branch), and eventually a small sprout will peek through the top of the avocado pit.
4. Do not allow your taproot to dry out unsubmerged EVER – doing so will be the death of your plant.


When the stem is 6-7 inches long, cut it back to about 3 inches, this will encourage new growth. When it hits 6-7 inches again, pot it up in a rich humus soil in an 8-10″ diameter pot, leaving the top half of the seed exposed. Place on a sunny windowsill. Avocados love sun – the more sun the better.


Give it frequent waterings with an occasional deep soak. The soil should always be moist, but not saturated. Yellowing leaves are a sign of over-watering; let the plant dry out for a few days.


When the stem reaches 12 inches tall, pinch out the top two sets of leaves. This will encourage the plant to grow side shoots and more leaves, making it bushy. Each time the plant grows another 6 inches pinch out the 2 newest sets of leaves on top.


My avocado trees seem to collect aphids – the nasty critters can’t get enough of the delicious avocado leaves. If you get them, here’s how to get rid of them: Wash all of the aphids off the plant by spraying your plant down with a hose outside or in the sink/shower. Once the little pests are off, spray your plant with a mixture of water with a small squirt of dishwashing liquid and a teaspoon of neem oil. This will keep aphids from returning. Check your plant every 4-5 days and re-clean and spray when necessary.


Baby avocado trees can kick it outdoors in summer, but if you live anywhere where it gets cooler than 45 degrees F, you’ll need to bring them back indoors in the fall/winter, before the temperatures fall.


Hard to say! Sometimes avocado plants will begin growing fruit after they’re 3 or 4 years old, others take 15+ years to grow fruit, and some never do. It helps to have several avocado trees growing together to aid with pollination. However, don’t expect the fruit to be anything like the avocado that yielded your seed. Commercial avocados are grown from grafted branches to control the outcome of the fruit – a naturally grown avocado may be very different than its parent!